2. Courtyard (1911-1939)

1911

Kustaa, 22-year-old shoe factory worker.
Kalle, 20-year-old outdoor worker.
Eelis, 18-year-old linen factory worker.
Mauno, 17-year-old railway worker.

The young men are from Hämeenkyrö, about 30 kilometres from Tampere. Kustaa and Kalle are brothers and they moved to Tampere five years ago. Eelis and Mauno, who come from the same village, have been living together with the brothers for three years. Friends from the same village sometimes stay overnight in their room.

The tenants prepared their food on the stove in the shared kitchen. They also cooked in the oven in their own room. Meat, casserole dishes and quickly made buns called ‘spinsters’ were prepared on a metal stand over coal embers. However, neither the young men nor the factory girls prepared much food.

Shared kitchen in the 1920s

 

The typical kitchen was shared by four dwellings and ran the full width of the building. On each side of it, there are two one roomed dwellings. Each dwelling had its own area in front of and next to their door, but the central floor area was shared by all. Each dwelling has its own stove in the shared kitchen. The ovens at both ends of the large stove can be used in turn. The attic, which can be reached by climbing through the hatch at the top of the stairs, was used as a storage space for inner windows, ‘doubles’, and winter clothes.

1928

Kaarlo, 38-year old clerk in the Broadcloth factory, house-owner.
Kaarina, 28-year-old former bank clerk.
Eelis, 18-year-old cotton factory worker.
Mauno, 17-year-old railway worker.

Children:

Hannes, 6-year-old

Kaarlo’s parents:

Vihtori, 75-year-old former house-owner.
Amanda, 68-year-old.

In his youth, Vihtori worked as a weaver in the cotton factory. After inheriting some money, he built a house on the plot he had bought. On becoming wealthier he left the cotton factory to look after the house and worked only occasionally after that. Because of his failing health, he has let Kaarlo take care of the house and spends his old age with his wife in the back room of the house.

The houses in Amuri were mainly designed by building contractors in the Tampere area. In the beginning of the 1880s, Lukas Hjorth began to design the buildings. Hjorth was a former copying clerk and self taught draughtsman, who became known as the architect of Amuri. His lived in the present museum area.

Construction work on the buildings that now constitute the museum began in the beginning of the 1880s. Judging from the constructions, some of the houses were left unfinished at the time. For example, the part of this house facing Mariankatu street was built later than the part on Makasiininkatu street.

1930

Juho, 35-year-old delivery man.
Sofia, 31-year-old.

Children:

Martta, 4 years old.
Heikki, 3 years old.
Eino, 1 year old.

Juho has a horse of his own in the stable situated in the outbuilding. The horse ensures the family a good livelihood. When Juho has time to spend with the children, Sofia takes in washing to augment the family income.

Many delivery men as well as horse and trap owners rented stables for their horses in the Amuri outbuildings. The outbuildings also had lavatories and sometimes cowsheds. Some parts of the outbuildings were later turned into garages.